Popular Turf Varieties in Australia: A Guide to Making the Right Choice

Lush, vibrant lawns are a cornerstone of picturesque gardens and outdoor spaces in Australia. Selecting the ideal turf variety for your lawn can be a decisive factor in achieving that perfect green oasis. This comprehensive guide delves into the popular turf varieties in Australia, offering insights into their unique characteristics and suitability for different climates and soil types. We will also explore how to pick the right turf grass for your specific needs, ensuring your lawn thrives in its environment.

1. Understanding Australian Climate and Turf Requirements

Australia’s diverse climate ranges from tropical in the north to temperate in the south, and arid in the central regions. This variety necessitates a careful consideration of turf species that can thrive in these distinct conditions. Each turf variety has its own set of needs in terms of sunlight, water, and temperature tolerance.

2. Top Turf Varieties for Australian Lawns

Kikuyu Grass

Kikuyu is a popular choice for its rapid growth and high tolerance to drought. Its aggressive growth makes it ideal for high-traffic areas, though it requires regular maintenance to keep it in check.

Buffalo Grass

Buffalo grass is renowned for its soft texture and shade tolerance. Varieties like Sir Walter and Palmetto are favorites for family yards, offering lush, green coverage even in lower light conditions.

Zoysia Grass

Zoysia is valued for its fine texture and resistance to both drought and frost. It’s a low-maintenance option, making it a great choice for those seeking a beautiful lawn with minimal upkeep.

Couch Grass

Couch grass, with varieties like Santa Ana and Queensland Blue, is chosen for its fine leaf and vibrant green color. It thrives in sunny areas but requires regular mowing and fertilisation to maintain its appearance.

Tall Fescue

Tall fescue is suitable for cooler regions, offering a robust and deep-rooted system. It’s less common in hotter areas due to its need for more water and cooler temperatures.

3. How to Pick the Right Turf Grass

Selecting the right turf grass involves considering several factors:

Climate Adaptability: Choose a variety that thrives in your local climate.

Soil Type: Some grasses prefer sandy soils, while others do well in clay.

Water Requirements: Consider your area’s water availability and restrictions.

Maintenance Level: Assess how much time and effort you can dedicate to lawn care.

Usage: Determine if your lawn will face heavy foot traffic, play, or mainly decorative purposes.

4. Installation and Initial Care

Proper installation and initial care are crucial for the successful establishment of your turf. This involves preparing the soil, choosing the right season for planting, and ensuring adequate watering during the initial growth phase.

5. Ongoing Maintenance Tips

Regular mowing, fertilising, and watering are essential for maintaining the health and appearance of your lawn. Each turf variety has specific needs in terms of mowing height, watering frequency, and fertiliser type.

6. Overcoming Common Challenges

Dealing with pests, diseases, and weeds is an inevitable part of lawn care. Understanding the vulnerabilities of your chosen turf variety and adopting preventive measures can help maintain a healthy lawn.

7. Environmental Considerations

Selecting a turf variety that’s suited to your local environment not only ensures a lush lawn but also contributes to ecological balance. Some grasses are more beneficial for local fauna, and choosing native varieties can enhance biodiversity.

8. Factors Impacting Garden Maintenance Costs

Choosing the right turf variety is pivotal. Opting for a grass type that aligns with your local environment can significantly reduce maintenance costs and efforts. For instance, drought-resistant turfs like Zoysia or Buffalo grass may lower water expenses and require less frequent mowing, thereby impacting the overall upkeep costs of your garden. This consideration is crucial when planning a cost-effective and sustainable garden.


Choosing the right turf variety is a blend of understanding your local environment, assessing your lawn’s purpose, and considering maintenance capabilities. By carefully selecting a turf that matches these criteria, you can enjoy a vibrant and healthy lawn that enhances your outdoor space.


What is the best turf for shaded areas in Australia?

Buffalo grass, particularly varieties like Sir Walter and Palmetto, are excellent for shaded areas, offering good tolerance to lower light conditions.

How often should I water my newly installed turf?

Newly installed turf requires frequent watering, often daily, for the first few weeks until the roots are established.

Can I install turf in a coastal environment?

Yes, certain turf varieties like Zoysia and Kikuyu are well-suited for coastal environments due to their salt tolerance.

What is the most low-maintenance turf variety available in Australia?

Zoysia grass is often recommended for its low-maintenance characteristics, requiring less frequent mowing and watering compared to other varieties.